The Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations posted a report on oversight and control over compliance with labor law in the country in 2021, prepared with the assistance of the International Labor Organization (ILO). The first annual report on the implementation of labor standards was released last year.
The report provides data on the activities of the State Labor Inspectorate (SLI) of the Ministry of Labor, which is the main supervisory body over the compliance of labor legislation by employers.
Most inspections were carried out in the field of public education - 17.02%, preschool education - 12.12%, healthcare - 7.42%, construction - 6.07% and others.
In total, 52,530 violations of labor and labor protection legislation were detected (in 2020 - 40,081). Of these, most of them were registered in state educational institutions - 11216 cases, in preschool institutions - 7613, medical - 3788, in construction - 2912, at industrial enterprises - 1033, in the transport industry - 572.
The largest number of violations occurred in instructing employees on labor protection - 16%, training employees on labor protection - 15.66%, remuneration - 12.31%, employment without contract - 6.18%.
According to the report, the main reasons for the continuing mass violations of labor and labor protection regulations are:
- non-performance by employer of their labor duties;
- failure by employer to take sufficient measures to organize the labor process;
- non-acceptance by employers of local regulations on labor or their inconsistency with labor legislation;
- financial and economic reasons.