In the first year-half, Uzbekistan’s foreign trade turnover topped US$ 19.68 billion, an increase by US$ 4.52 billion, or 29.8%, compared to the last year, the State Statistics Committee said in a report.
Exports reached US$ 8.44 billion (+ 27%), and imports - 11.24 billion dollars (+ 32%). The foreign trade balance amounted to minus US$ 2.8 billion.
Among Uzbekistan’s trade partners the first spot went to China, US$ 3.9 billion in six months, the second - Russia on US$ 2.9 billion, the third – Kazakhstan, on US$ 1.7 billion, followed by the Republic of Korea (US$ 1.3 billion) and Turkey (US$ 1.2 billion).
The share of goods in the exports is at 81.5%, of which gold - 24.8% (US$ 2.1 billion), energy and oil products - 16.8% (US$ 1.4 billion), food - 9.4 % (793.7 million dollars), textiles and RMG - 9.1% (771.5 million dollars), non-ferrous metals and products from them - 5.8% (486.2 million dollars), ferrous metals and products from them - 1.7% (146.6 million dollars).
In particular, Uzbekistan exported US$ 1.3 billion worth of natural gas, electricity - US$ 47.5 million, oil products for US$ 23.1 million; copper and products from it - for 352 million dollars, cars - for 52.7 million dollars.
Exports mainly go to China (19% of total exports), Russia (13.6%), Kazakhstan (8.1%), Turkey (6.8%), Kyrgyzstan (4.5). %), Afghanistan (3.1%) and Tajikistan (1.7%).
Machinery and equipment, including parts and components account for most of imports (43.6%, or 4.9 billion dollars), chemical products and products from it (13.3%, or 1.5 billion dollars), food products (8.2%, or 918.8 million dollars), ferrous metals - 7.6% (851.4 million dollars), energy carriers and petroleum products - 3.9% (436.9 million dollars), non-ferrous metals - 1.1% (119 million dollars).
Most imports come from seven countries - China, Russia, the Republic of Korea, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Germany and the United States. In the total volume of imports, they have a share of 69.1%, which is more than 7.7 billion dollars.